HUBUNGAN PENURUNAN TULANG ALVEOLAR DAN PENIPISAN TULANG KORTIKAL MANDIBULA PADA PENDERITA PERIODONTITIS DISERTAI DIABETES MILITUS TIPE-2 MENGGUNAKAN RADIOGRAFI CONE BEAM COMPUTED TOMOGRAFI-3D
|Main Author:||Epsilawati, Lusi|
|Format:||Article info application/pdf Journal|
Table of Contents:
- Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease, which are the characteristics characterized by high levels of sugar in the body. Based on the studies that have been made, the decline in density is one complication that occurs in this disease. Decrease in bone density is thought to cause the resorption on alveolar bone and thinning of the cortical bone. Even resorption the alveolar bone is heavily influenced by local factors such as the condition of periodontal tissue inflammation (periodontitis) does not mean that systemic factors do not influence. The cortical bone thinning influence of systemic factors is quite large. Effect of systemic and local causes bone damage, so it needs to be extent, to show the relationship between the decrease in alveolar bone and the cortical bone thinning. The aims of this study are analyze the relationship between the decrease in alveolar bone and mandible cortical bone inpatient's periodontitis with type-2 diabetes mellitus by the use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT-3D). This type of this research is the analytical description of the sample derived from the radiographs CBCT-3D of patient's periodontitis with type-2 diabetes mellitus, who visited the RSGM FKG Unpad of 2 January 2010 - May 30, 2011, with specified criteria of sample and obtained 21 data. Region of the research performed on patients with the mandible alveolar and cortical bone which is divided into 10 regional sections. Analyzes were conducted in two stages. The first analysis with multiple regression analysis in which all three variables were measured simultaneously and the second with a partial regression analysis in which all three variables are calculated separately. Results of the study found a decrease in alveolar bone substantial in region anterior by sagital viuw and coronal. The maximum value of the alveolar resorption is in the left anterior region with a large range from 4.51 to 4.99 mm from sagital and 5.2 to 5.7 mm from the coronal. The thinning of the mandible cortical bone thinning ranged from 0.59 to 0.62 mm. Between the decrease in alveolar bone of the thinning in cortical bone significant in the posterior it's shown in the region M2, 3 and M1, while for other regions like's regions P, C and I did not show significance.